DOES MY SCOTTIE HAVE WORMS?
Sigs can include squiggly worms or “rice bodies” in the stool, looking lean in appearance, scooting and licking their rear, vomiting and or diarrhea.
If your dog shows any of these signs, you might want to take a look in your cupboards before reaching for the toxic dewormers.
There might be something in there that could rid your dog of worms without the adverse effects on their health that veterinary dewormers deliver.
Pumpkin Seeds Fight Worms
Raw, organic pumpkin seeds have long been used to treat a
variety of parasitic and other ailments. The flesh and seeds of
the pumpkin have been used to heal wounds, cure kidney
ailments and urinary problems and as a parasitic treatment on humans.
In recent times, herbalists have discovered that the seeds of the pumpkin also work
as an effective deworming agent against tapeworms and other intestinal parasites
in dogs and humans. Pumpkin seeds contain the amino acid called cucurbitin,
which paralyzes and eliminates the worms from the digestive tract. Pumpkin seeds
have other health benefits too – they are loaded with protein, amino acids, fiber, iron,
copper, phosphorus and magnesium, calcium, zinc, potassium, folic acid and niacin; all important nutrients to your pet’s overall good health.
Pumpkin seeds can be fed whole as a treat for your dog. Don’t feed them the salted seeds from the grocery store; find some raw, organic seeds instead. If your dog doesn’t enjoy them as a treat, you can grind them in a coffee grinder or Magic Bullet and add them to their meals. Give them a teaspoon per ten pounds of body weight once or twice a day until they are rid of the parasites.
Would you know if your dog had worms?
There are several types of intestinal worms your dog can get, and different types of worms can affect your dog in different ways.
The good news is, there are natural, safe ways to get rid of worms, without resorting to chemical dewormers.
But before you think about deworming your dog, you should probably know the signs of worm problems.
Signs of Worms
Some worms cause more obvious symptoms than others. I’ve provided more specific symptom information below along with information about the different types of worms but here are a few clues your dog may give you that could mean they have worms: Intermittent or frequent diarrhea or vomiting can be signs your dog has worms. Your dog may have a fever. They may scoot and lick at their rear (though scooting can mean other things too). Your dog may be off his food or be a little lethargic; his coat may look dull.You might see stools that are coated in mucus (but otherwise look normal). Or you might see squiggly worms or “rice bodies” in their stool.
But some worms can’t be seen with the naked eye, so if your dog’s showing some of these signs, you might want to get a fecal sample analyzed by your vet.
Collecting A Sample
You need to get a fresh sample … so don’t just go out in your yard and find day old poop.
Go outside with your dog or take him out on a leash to get a fresh sample.
You don’t need to take your vet the whole poop. A sample about the size of two or three sugar cubes is usually sufficient for analysis purposes.
You can use a poop bag to “pinch off” a sample and then dispose of the rest of the pile in the usual way.
Place the sample in a clean small plastic container. Old pill bottles are ideal but you should wash them out thoroughly first.
Label the container with your dog’s name and your last name and take it to the vet as soon as you can. If you can’t go right away, store it in the refrigerator (not the freezer), or outdoors in cooler weather.
Occasionally, because of the life cycle of the worm, false negatives can happen (meaning the test says there are no worms when your dog has them), so if you get a negative result but still see symptoms, it’s a good idea to retest.
If your dog tests positive for intestinal worms, you’ll want to know which kind of worms he has before deciding how to treat them.
Whipworms attach to the mucous membranes (mucosa) lining the cecum and colon (both part of the large intestine), where they feed on your dog’s blood.
Adult whipworms are two to three inches long, tapered at one end, like a whip – hence the name.
Your dog can get whipworms from swallowing whipworm eggs in soil or water that contain dog feces.
Signs of whipworms are diarrhea, vomiting and weight loss.
Whipworms eggs survive in the environment for a long time so reinfection after treatment is quite common
Tapeworms are long, flat worms that attach to the intestines.
If your dog has tapeworms you might see worm segments that look like grains of rice in his poop.
There are about 14 difference species of tapeworm. Fleas carry tapeworm eggs so if your dog has fleas, he could get tapeworm.
Tapeworm segments themselves aren’t infectious, but your dog can get tapeworms by eating intermediate hosts like fleas and lice, as well as rodents, rabbits or large animals such as sheep, goats, cattle, pigs, deer or kangaroos.
(If you’re a raw feeder, freezing meats for 10 days before feeding will eliminate tapeworms.)
If your dog has tapeworms he may not show any signs of illness, but over time his coat may start to look dull and he may lose his appetite or lose a little weight.
Giardia lives in the intestine and is a protozoan (a microscopic single celled parasite) with a hair-like tail.
Your dog can pick up giardia by drinking water contaminated with giardia from the feces of infected animals or humans.
Many dogs don’t get any symptoms from giardia, but others may develop chronic, intermittent diarrhea. The signs are usually more severe in puppies.
Coccidia are also protozoans that live in the intestinal walls. Coccidiosis can be quite common in puppies.
In young puppies coccidiosis can cause serious diarrhea and may even cause death from dehydration and malnourishment.
Most adult dogs don’t show symptoms but can spread the infection through their feces, which contaminate the soil.
Avoiding De-Worming Drugs
I’ve got some great recommendations for foods and herbs that can help prevent and treat worms.
But first I want to emphasize why you shouldn’t use deworming drugs, either for prevention or to treat worm infestations in your dog.
There are many different drugs available and, like any drugs, they all have side effects.
And as you’ll see, there are many effective natural alternatives you can use, so there’s no need to use drugs that can cause side effects and harm your dog.
When you read about some of the adverse effects that have been reported for common de-worming drugs, you’ll probably agree it’s not worth the risk to your dog.
This is not an exhaustive list, but here are some examples of the adverse drug events reported for the most common active ingredients in de-worming drugs.
Note that some drugs contain more than one active ingredient.
It’s also important to note that some drug manufacturers combine de-worming ingredients with heartworm drugs like ivermectin or milbemycin oxime. They then market these combinations as preventives for heartworm plus various kinds of intestinal worms.
So if you used these “preventive” drugs monthly as the manufacturers and many vets recommend, you’d actually be treating your dog unnecessarily for worms they don’t have!
The starting point for preventing and treating worms (or any other disease) is always a healthy immune system.
A dog with a strong immune system is less likely to be an attractive host for any kind of parasite.
Many dogs get some intestinal worms occasionally, but if your dog is healthy with a strong immune system, they probably won’t make him sick.
In this case you may never know he even had the worms because he will probably just expel them naturally, and you won’t see any symptoms.
Approximately 80% of the immune system is in the gut, so giving your dog the best diet you can will help keep worms away. Feed your dog a natural, whole foods, preferably raw meat based diet.
Support your dog’s overall wellbeing by avoiding pharmaceutical drugs like antibiotics and vaccines as well as pesticides such as flea, tick and heartworm medications.
All these drugs contain toxic ingredients that can harm your dog’s organs, causing serious disease and even death.
Keeping your yard free of poop will also help prevent your dog from picking up intestinal worms.
Foods To Fight Worms
You can add some of the foods below to your dog’s diet to help prevent worms, as well as to
help get rid of a worm infestation. Fruit and vegetables like grated raw carrot,
greens, squash, fennel, papaya or pumpkin can help make your dog’s intestinal tract less
attractive to worms. The orange veggies also provide vitamin A, which can help eliminate
roundworms. Feed any of the above fruits and vegetables you like; give at least ½ tsp of each
veggie or fruit per 10 lbs of your dog’s body weight, twice daily. Don’t overdo the orange veggies
or your dog may get orange poop!
Dried coconut is a vermifuge, meaning it can help eliminate tapeworms from the body.
Sprinkle on food, giving 1 tsp.
Probiotics and Digestive Enzymes
Probiotics help maintain a good balance of healthy gut bacteria and can strengthen your dog’s immune system and help him keep worms at bay.
You can feed foods like kefir or fermented vegetables (my scotties don't like these), or purchase a good probiotic supplement.... If your Scottie has a natural raw meat and bone diet they should never need probiotic supplementation or digestive enzymes. Probiotics may sometimes be needed only in the case of diarrhoea or extreme constipation. I prefer to treat constipation by reducing bone content in foods and adding cooked pumpkin.
Digestive enzymes also provide additional support for your dog’s digestive system to help him eliminate parasites.
For both probiotics and digestive enzymes, if you use a product made for dogs, follow the package dosing recommendations. If you use a human product, assume it’s for a 75kg person and adjust according to your dog’s weight.
Trace minerals are also excellent for balancing the gastrointestinal system.
Add a pinch of trace mineral salt (such as sea salt or Himalayan Pink Salt) with each feeding.
Make sure you buy an authentic sea or Himalayan salt as there are many impostors!
Apple Cider Vinegar
A naturally alkaline system kills parasites.
About ¼ to 1 tsp of apple cider vinegar added to your dog’s food or water every day can help keep his system alkaline.
(You can test your dog’s pH using test strips (available online or at pharmacies).
Hold the strip in your dog’s urine stream for 1 to 3 seconds. The ideal pH for your dog is between 6.5 and 7. Since the pH varies throughout the day, it’s best to test several times over a 24 hour period and take an average).
Natural Worm Treatments
Raw, organic pumpkin seeds can help prevent or expel worms. You can grind them and place them in your dog’s dish. Ground seeds will mix well with ground meat.
1/2 teaspoon per day for your Scottie will keep worms away!
Pumpkin seeds are safe to use, even during pregnancy.
Garlic is safe and is good for your dog when fed in moderation.
Garlic can boost the immune system and help fight worms and giardia.
In fact, a recent scientific study found garlic to be just as effective as the
toxic chemical veterinary dewormer, Ivermectin.
(Ayaz et al, Recent Pat Antiinfect Drug Discov. 2008 Jun).
Garlic helps rid the stomach wall of mucus and makes it less hospitable for worms. It also contains an amino acid called allicin, which is effective against roundworms and hookworms.
Peel and chop the garlic and allow it to sit at room temperature for a minimum of 15 minutes, which allows the allicin to be released.
Scotties will tolerate ¼ clove twice a day. (Caution: don’t use garlic if your dog’s taking cyclosporine or blood thinners, is pregnant or is under 12mth of age).
This herb can work to prevent and expel both roundworms and whipworms.
It may not work as quickly as other herbs but it is effective and has anti-inflammatory properties, which calm the intestinal tract when parasites cause discomfort such as bloating, gas or cramps in your dog.
Chamomile is best used as a glycerin tincture.
Give 0.25 to 0.50 ml per 20 lbs of body weight, twice daily.
Give the tincture directly into your dog’s mouth or place in his drinking water.
Cloves are effective against microscopic parasites such as giardia and coccidia.
Give one clove daily, or a small pinch of clove powder in food.
Freshly crushed leaves will kill the eggs of parasites.
Caution: Do not give cloves to pregnant females as they can cause miscarriage. Cloves can be highly toxic given in large doses and you should also be careful when using them on small dogs.
Olive leaf extract will help flush parasites out of your dog’s intestinal tract.
Oleopurin is a unique compound contained in the fruit and leaves of olive trees. The health benefits of olive oil are well known and scientists have found that it’s oleopurin that provides these health benefits.
Olive leaves contain high amounts of oleopurin, so olive leaf extract is a very efficient way of giving your dog the health benefits of olive oil without giving him a lot of oil!
Olive leaf extract is sold in different strengths of oleopurin. To treat intestinal worms, look for olive leaf extract containing 12% oleopurin or higher.
Give your Scottie this olive leaf extract for eight weeks, in the following amounts.
300 mg twice per day.
Give neem leaf twice a day for one week to eliminate intestinal parasites (but not tapeworm).
Use 150 mg per day for your Scottie.
Slippery elm is a gentle laxative that can help your dog get worms out of his system. It can also soothe any irritations the worms cause in the digestive tract.
This makes slippery elm a very good supplement to give alongside other treatment options.
Mix the powder into food or some yogurt, 1/4 tsp for your Scottie.
Liver, Kidney and Lymph Support
Any time you’re treating worms it’s a good idea to support the liver and kidneys as well as the lymph system, to help move fluids and process worms that are absorbed by the blood.
Giving milk thistle seed at the same time as other treatments can help protect the liver. Milk thistle is best given in a tincture, ¼ tsp for your Scottie.
Parsley, one of my favorite herbs for so many things, acts as a lymph and fluid mover as well as a de-wormer (vermifuge).
Make a parsley tea using ⅛ to ¼ cup of fresh parsley to 1 cup of water. Heat the water and steep for about five minutes. Give your Scottie 2 tsps of parsley tea daily for no more than 10 days.
Caution: do not use parsley if your dog has kidney issues.
When dosing your dog with herbal wormers, it can be more effective to give them ten days on, five days off, and then ten days on.
It takes ten days to kill the worms.
When worms die off, however, they will lay eggs to propagate the next generation.
It takes about five days for the eggs to hatch so the treatment needs to be repeated to kill the new offspring.
You may wish to bring another stool sample to your vet after the treatment series to confirm the worms are gone.
Hookworms also live mainly in the small intestine. They’re grey and between ½ and ¾ inch long.
The front end of the worm has a hook that attaches to the intestinal lining, where it feeds on your dog’s blood.
Your dog can pick up hookworm larvae from the soil, through his mouth or through the skin on his pads.
Most adult dogs develop some immunity to hookworms, but if your dog is immune compromised he can be more susceptible to infection.
Diarrhea and vomiting are the usual symptoms of hookworm.
Nursing females can transmit hookworm larvae to newborn puppies through milk, which can cause chronic diarrhea (often with blood or mucus) and anemia
Signs of anemia include weakness, depression, lethargy and pale mucous membranes (like the gums).
Offal is a great source of protein and can
provide valuable trace elements like iron, vitamins and minerals. Feeding of offal to dogs, even if boiled, does carry a significant risk of transmitting worms and hydatids to the dog, and perpetuating the hydatid life cycle.
Fresh offal of sheep, cattle, kangaroos or pigs should never be fed to dogs.
To remove the danger, freeze offal for at least 5 days prior to thawing and serving.